女生影视免费观看

从《保护非物质文化遗产公约》论我国非物质文化遗产的动物利用问题

2020-02-23 世屹 942

女生影视免费观看renleihedongwudemiqieguanxiyoulaiyijiu。zaichuantongnonggengshehuizhong,dongwubudanshirenleizhongyaodeyishilaiyuan,yeshirichangdeshengchan、jiaotonggongjushenzhishijiatingpeiban,canyushehuishenghuodefangfangmianmian,suoyihenduofeiwuzhiwenhuayichanxiangmudoushejidongwuliyong。danshiyinweishijiegeguodebutongziranhuanjing、lishiwenhuabeijing,zaochengbutongguojiaderenmenduidongwudeliyongfangshi、qingganyouhendadechayi,shi《baohufeiwuzhiwenhuayichangongyue》 (2003) zhongguanyudongwuliyongdeyuanzehejingshenhennanzaibutongguojiaqudeyizhi。zheizaidongxifangwenhuachayizhongbiaoxiandeyouqimingxian。

yi、《baohufeiwuzhiwenhuayichangongyue》zhongdongwuliyongyuanzejixiangguangainian

女生影视免费观看《baohufeiwuzhiwenhuayichangongyue》 (yixiajianchenggongyue) zhongbingmeiyouzhijiezhenduidongwuliyongdetiaokuan,tashitongguofeiwuzhiwenhuayichandedingyijianjiezuochuguidingde。gongyuezaidingyizhongguiding,chengweifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanbixumanzusangetiaojian:1、fuhexianyoudeguojirenquanwenjian;2、geshequ、quntihegerenzhijianxianghuzunzhongdexuyao;3、shunyingkechixufazhan。gongyuezhongdongwuliyongdeyuanzeyinzangzaizheisangetiaojianzhong,yuzhiduiyingdeshixianghuzunzhongyuanze、kechixufazhanyuanzeheduoyangxingyuanze。

(yi) xianghuzunzhongdeyuanze

woguofeiyibaohuxuejiehegongzhongduiyuzheiyiyuanzedeshenkerenshijibenshanglaiziyuwoguo2015nianyicishibaiderenleifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanxiangmu——yizuhuobajiedeshenbao。

女生影视免费观看yizuhuobajieshiyizurenminyinianzhongzuilongzhongshengdadechuantongjieri,baoliuzheyizuqiyuanfazhandegulaowenhuaxinxi,tixianleyizujinghuo、chonghuodeminzuxingge,juyouzhongyaodelishiheshehuijiazhi。weijinianchuanshuozhongdeyizuyingxiongheitilabazhanshengmowang (huotianshen) ,huobajieqijianhuizuzhisaima、shuaijiao、changge、xuanmei、pagan、sheji、douji、douyang、douniudenghuodong,zheixiehuodongjianjianchengweihuobajiedezhuyaoyishiheneirong。

congzhongguodewenhuachuantonglailijie,yizuhuobajieyinggaishiyigejinhuwanmeidefeiwuzhiwenhuayichanminsuxiangmu,juyoufeiwuzhiwenhuayichandetezhengheshuxing,zaimeigeguojialiangniancainengshenbaoyigerenleifeiyixiangmudejingzhengzhongtuoyingerchu,quezaishenbaorenleifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanshibeituihui,tuihuideyuanyinshiqizhongshejidouji、douyang、douniudengdongwuliyonghuanjie,jiaokewenzuzhirenweicileiyiyuleweimudededongwuliyongyuxifangzhuliudedongwulunlichongtu,maofanleoumeishehuibingchidedongwubaohuhedongwuquanlideng“wenming”sixiang,bufuhegongyue“geshequ、quntihegerenzhijianxianghuzunzhongdexuyao”dejingshen。

女生影视免费观看zheigeanlirangwomenduifeiwuzhiwenhuayichandegainianyoulegengjiashenkederenshi,jicongxianghuzunzhong、xianghuxinshangdejiaoduchufadewenhuaduoyangxingshifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanchenglideqiantitiaojian;tongshiyetichuxindewenti,jiruheduidaibutongwenhuabeijingxiade、cunzaijudashehuizhengyidewenhuaduoyangxing,butongshequ、quntihuoshigerenzaimianduiwenhuachongtushidebaorongyuruhekandai“xianghuzunzhong、xianghuxinshang”dewenti;yijiwoguodewenhuachuantongruheyushijiejiegui,binghuodegengguangfanlijiehejieshoudewenti。

女生影视免费观看(er) shunyingkechixufazhandeyuanze

kechixufazhanshiguanyuziran、kexuejishu、jingji、shehuixiediaofazhandelilunhezhanlve,zuizaoyu1980nianyoushijieziranbaohulianmeng (iucn) zai《shijieziranziyuanbaohudagang》zhongtichu。1987nian,shijiehuanjingyufazhanweiyuanhuichuban《womengongtongdeweilai》baogao,jiangkechixufazhandingyiwei:“jinengmanzudangdairendexuyao,youbuduihoudairenmanzuqixuyaodenengligouchengweihaidefazhan。”1992nian6yue,lianheguozailiyuereneiluzhaokai“huanjingyufazhandahui”,tongguoleyikechixufazhanweihexinde《liyuehuanjingyufazhanxuanyan》《21shijiyicheng》dengwenjian,congci,kechixufazhansixiangchengweiguojishehuideguangfangongshi。

《baohufeiwuzhiwenhuayichangongyue》zhichu:feiwuzhiwenhuayichan“shiwenhuaduoyangxingderonglu,youshikechixufazhandebaozheng。”baohufeiwuzhiwenhuayichanjiushi“weifengfuwenhuaduoyangxingherenleidechuangzaoxingzuochugongxian。”suoyifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanbaohulilundejichushiwenhuaduoyangxinghekechixufazhansixiang。

(san) duoyangxingyuanze

“kechixu”he“duoyangxing”zuichudoushiyoushengtaixuejiatichulaidegainian。“shengtaichixuxing”shi“baohuhejiaqianghuanjingxitongdeshengchanhegengxinnengli”,shijianliziranziyuanjiqiliyongjiandepingheng,yihuodebuchaoyuehuanjingxitonggengxinnenglidefazhan。zheizhongshengtaikechixuyishengwuxitongjiqiduoyangxingdewanzhengweijichu。shengwuduoyangxingshishengtaianquandebaozhang,shirenleilaiyishengcundetiaojian。baohushengwuduoyangxingdeguanjian,shizuidaxiandudibaohudiqiushangdeduozhongduoyangdeshengwuziyuan,tebieshibaohubinlinmiejuededongwuhezhiwu。weiciguojishehuizhidingtongguole《binweiyeshengdongzhiwuzhongguojimaoyigongyue》(cites)(5)he《shengwuduoyangxinggongyue》(cbd)。

citestongguohuhuixiedingherenzhengxukeguifanguanliyeshengdongzhiwudeliyongheguojimaoyi,yufangbinweiwuzhongyinshangyeliyongerguodukaifanaizhimiejue。citesgenjuwuzhongzaoshoumaoyiweixiedechengdu,jiangqihuafenweifuluⅰ、ⅱheⅲ,duifuluzhongbaohuduixiangdeguojimaoyiguanliguidinglegongtongdebiaozhunhechengxu。tabadongwuliyongfenweiwajueshihefeiwajueshi,wajueshiliyongzhiziyuanxiaohaoxingdeliyong,baokuozhisishi(rushoulie) hefeizhisishi(rushoujidongwuzuzhihuoyanshengwudeng) lianglei;feiwajueshiliyongzhiziyuanfeixiaohaoxingliyong,ruziranlvyoudeng。

女生影视免费观看cbdrang“baohushengwuduoyangxingshirenleidegongtongliyihefazhanjinchengzhongbukequeshaodeyibufen”chengweiguojigongshi,ziranziyuanbushiwuqiongwujinde,21shijidefazhanbixujianlizaishengwuduoyangxinghekechixufazhandelinianzhishang。cbdba“kechixuliyong”dingyiwei:“ziranziyuandeliyongfangshihesudubuhuidaozhishengwuduoyangxingdezhangqixiahua,baozhengqinenggoumanzudangdaijihoudaidexuqiuqianli。”cbdtichangjilishibaohu,jitongguoziranziyuandekechixuliyongcijidangdishequjingjifazhan,cujinyeshengwuzhongjiqiqixididebaohujikechixuliyong。

yucitongshi,zuoweishijieshangguimozuida、lishizuiyoujiudequanqiuxingfeiyinglihuanbaojigou,shijieziranbaohulianmeng(iucn) weiweihushengwuduoyangxingzuoledaliangjichuxinggongzuo。iucncong1963niankaishibianzhi《binweiwuzhonghongseminglu》,zheishiquanqiudongzhiwuwuzhongbaohuxianzhuangzuiquanmiandejilu,yebeigongrenshifanyingshengwuduoyangxingzhuangkuangzuiquanweidezhibiao。

女生影视免费观看shengwuduoyangxingdesixianghoulaibeiyizhidaowenhuaduoyangxingshang。2005nianlianheguojiaokewenzuzhidahuitongguo《baohuhecujinwenhuabiaoxianxingshiduoyangxinggongyue》,“wenhuaduoyangxing”beidingyiwei“gequntiheshehuijieyibiaoxianqiwenhuadeduozhongbutongxingshi,zheixiebiaoxianxingshizaitamenneibujiqijianchuancheng。”zheifengongyuerenweiwenhuaduoyangxingshirenleishehuidejibentezheng,shirenleiwenmingjinbudezhongyaodongli,yeshikechixufazhandebaozheng,[8]yaoxiangbaohushengwuduoyangxingyiyangbaohuwenhuaduoyangxing。bujinwenhuaduoyangxingdelinianlaiziyushengwuduoyangxingliniandeqifa,wenhuaduoyangxingdebaohu、tebieshifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanbaohudehenduojuticuoshihefangfayejiejianleshengwuduoyangxingbaohudejucuo,rujianlifenjibaohumingluhebinweixiangmuminglu、jianliwenhuashengtaibaohuqu、tichang“kechixuliyong”、zhidinglunliyuanzedeng。

女生影视免费观看er、woguofeiwuzhiwenhuayichanzhongdongwuliyongdexianzhuang、wentiyutiaozhan

shijiegeguochuantongwenhuaxiangmuzhongyouhenduoshejidongwuliyong,zailianheguojiaokewenzuzhifabuderenleifeiwuzhiwenhuayichandaibiaoxingxiangmumingluzhongyoubushaoshidongwuliyongde,rugesidalijiademuniuchuantong、faguochuantongmashu、xunyingshudeng。woguoyinweirenkouduoerziyuanxiangduijiaoshao,wenhuabeijingzhongdongwubaohudesixiangyishidanbo,dongwuliyongduo,dongwubaohushao,daozhiwoguoduiyeshengdongzhiwubaohuheshengwuduoyangxingdengxiangguangongyuedelvyueshuipingpubianjiaodi,lvyuekunnanjiaoda。

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(yi) dongwudeyulexingliyong

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(er) gourouyinshi

woguofeiwuzhiwenhuayichanlingyuwentizuituchu、zhengyizuida、yingxiangzuiguangdehaishiyugourouyinshixiangguandeminsuxiangmu。

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女生影视免费观看shigourouminsuyuchongwuwenhuazaijiazhiguanhexingweishangdechongtu,fanyinglegourouyinshifeiyizaoyudelunlihedaodeweiji,zaochengzhongguorenyibianzaipidoushenglichigourou、yibianshenbaofeiyideguaixiang。

(san) binweiyeshengdongwuliyong

woguofeiyixiangmuzhongshejiyeshengdongwuliyongdewentizhuyaobiaoxianzaiduizhenxibinweiyeshengdongwudeliyongshang:yileishichuantongzhongyiyao,yileishichuantongshougongyiqiwuzhizuo。

1.chuantongzhongyiyaoxiangmu

女生影视免费观看chuantongzhongyishiliaoyou“yizangbuzang”“yixingbuxing”zhishuo,zhongyiyaochufangzhongjingchangnengjiandaobinweiyeshengdongwudezuzhi、zangqijiqizhipin。zai《zhonghuarenmingongheguoyaodian》zhong,zhongchengyaochengfenzhonghanyouhugude13zhong,hanyoubaogude43zhong;youxiongdande94zhong;yougezhongshede333zhong;youlurong、lujiao、lutaide339;youshexiangde444zhong;youlingyangjiaode119zhongdengdeng,keweishubushengshu。ruzhongyaoyongdelingyangjiao,weixiongxingniukedongwugaobilingyangdejiao。gaobilingyang1988nianbeilieru《guojiazhongdianbaohuyeshengdongwuminglu》,shiguojiayijiyidengbaohudongwu,2012nianbeilieru《iucnbinweiwuzhonghongseminglu》ver3.1—jiwei(cr) ,shiyanjinshouliede,lingyangjiaodegezhongshangyeliyongweifansuoyouguojigongyueheguojiguoneifalv。yourushexianghugugao,zhuyaochengfenweihugu、baogu,zhongguoyeshenglaohujuejiduonian,yaopinchengfendezhenshixingjingbuqituiqiaohejiance。

“hongmaoyaojiu”shijianbafeiwuzhiwenhuayichanxiangmuzhongdeyeshengdongwuliyongwentituidaolefengkoulangjian。“hongmaoyaojiuniangjiujiyi”zuoweidisipiguojiajifeiwuzhiwenhuayichandaibiaoxingxiangmu,qifangjiliyoubaogumeifen15g。baoguzaizheifenfangjilishuyuhexinyaocai,xudandujiagong。“baogujiawubeishuijianzhu10xiaoshi,zhijiaojin。jiangjianzhulvguo,lvyenongsuozhichougaozhuang,fangleng,beiyong”。meifen15kedebaogufensandao374pingjiuli。gongshangxinxixianshi,zi2007nian11yueqi,hongmaoyaojiudeshengchanguimodadaonianchanyaojiu15000dun。jiandancesuankezhi,hongmaoyaojiumeinianxuyao1200gongjinyishangdebaogu。anzhaomeitoubaoziyou5—10gongjingutousuan,hongmaoyaojiumeinianzhishaoxuyaoxiaohao120—240zhichengnianbaozicainengmanzuqichanliang。erjuguojialinyejutongjishuju,woguojingneiyigongyezhiyou3300zhibaozi。

baozai1973nianlieru《binlinjuezhongyeshengdongzhiwuguojimaoyigongyue》(cites) fuluⅰ,1988nianlieru《guojiazhongdianbaohuyeshengdongwuminglu》,weiguojiayijiyidengbaohudongwu,2008nianlieru《iucnbinweiwuzhonghongseminglu》,weijinweiwuzhong(nt) 。genju《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxingfa》disanbaisishiyitiao【feifaliebu、shahaizhengui、binweiyeshengdongwuzui;feifashougou、yunshu、chushouzhenguibinweiyeshengdongwu、zhengui、binweiyeshengdongwuzhipinzui】,feifaliebu、shahaiguojiayijiyidengzhongdianbaohuyeshengdongwude,shuliangdadaoyizhijiushiqingjietebieyanzhong,chushinianyishangyouqituxing,bingchufajinhuozhemeishoucaichan。ruguoshifeifaliebu,anzhaowoguoxingfa,shahai1zhibaojiushuyuqingjietebieyanzhong,hekuangyinianyiliangbaizhi。ruguoshihefaliebu,cong1988nianbaobeilieruguojiayijiyidengbaohudongwukaishisuan,dao2017niande30nianjian,yigaiqiyepingjunnianxiaohao120zhibaojisuan,30nianjiushi3600zhi,zheishiyigelingrennanyixiangxiangdeshuliang,yeshizhongguodebaozibukenengtigongdeshuliang。erqiecong2006nian1yuekaishi,woguoyiquanmianjinzhicongyewailiebubaoleiheshougoubaogu,bucunzaihefaliebule。

zheizhongmingxianweibeizhenxibinweidongwuliyongchangli、weifangongyuejingshenheguojiguoneifatiaokuan、bufuhebaohushengwuduoyangxinghekechixufazhandexiangmu,jinruguojiajiminglushixushenzhongde,fouzehuisunhaifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanxiangmudeheguixing、hefaxingheyansuxing。

2.chuantongshougongyixiangmu

女生影视免费观看woguochuantongshougongyizhongshejizhenxibinweiyeshengdongwuliyongdewentiyebushao。biruxiangyadiaoke。xiangyadiaokeshiyimengulaodezhongguochuantongminjiangongyimeishu。yadiaoyishupin,yijianshiximi、sezerourunguanghuadezhidihejingmeidediaokejiyi,beishoushouzangjiaxiai。danzi20shiji80niandaiyihou,weibaohudaxiang、dujueyinxiangyamaoyidaozhidaxiangbeiliesha,shijieziranjijinhui(wwf)heguojiyeshengdongwumaoyiyanjiuzuzhi(traffic) tuidongguojishehuitongguolifaguidingquanmiantingzhishangyexingjiagong、xiaoshouxiangyajizhipin。lianheguodahuizhuanmenweiciyu2015nian7yue30ritongguole《dajiyeshengdongzhiwufeifajiaoyi》dejueyi,woguoshizheiyijueyidefaqiguo。2016nian12yue30ri,guowuyuanfachu《guanyuyouxutingzhishangyexingjiagongxiaoshouxiangyajizhipinhuodongdetongzhi》,tongzhiguiding“2017nian3yue31riqianxianxingtingzhiyipixiangyadingdianjiagongdanweihedingdianxiaoshouchangsuodejiagongxiaoshouxiangyajizhipinhuodong,2017nian12yue31riqianquanmiantingzhi”。

2006nian5yue20ri,xiangyadiaokejingguowuyuanpizhunlierudiyipiguojiajifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanminglu。gaixiangmushi“yixiangyaweicailiaodediaokegongyijiqichengpin”jinxingshenbao,rujinzaiwoguozhiyaoshangyexingjiagongxiangyajiuweifa,zheiyixiangmujibufuheshengwuduoyangxinghekechixufazhansixiang,yeweifanguojiafalvfagui,yijingbunengchuanchengxiaqu。leisidexiangmuhaiyouyongxiniujiaozuoxijiaobei、yongkuixiniaodetouzhouzuohetiandengdengchuantongjiyi。

女生影视免费观看san、woguofeiwuzhiwenhuayichanzhongdongwuliyongdeyingduifangshijicelve

女生影视免费观看duiyubutongleixingdeyichanhebutongxingzhidewenti,xuyaocaiqubutongdeyingduifangshihecelve。

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(san) binweiyeshengdongwuliyongwenti

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jieyu

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女生影视免费观看(benwenyuanzaiyu《xueshutansuo》2019niandi2qi,zhushiyucankaowenxianqingjianyuanwen)

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